From water to energy: characterization, modelling and measures for the reduction of urban and rural domestic consumptions
Water and energy systems were largely treated independently. In recent years, however, with rapid population growth and increasing awareness of independent changes in climate and water cycle there has been a growing need for integrating the planning and design of energy and water systems.
It is well known that there are important differences between the water and energy consumption pattern in rural and urban areas, however these differences are not yet evaluated. This is an increasingly highlighted subject as an important issue for future planning and strategic policy considerations. In this project it is expected to do the design of a survey to be applied, where the main factors that influence water consume will be researched. Taking into account that the typical load curves for both water consumption and energy consumption reveal that the periods of highest consumption values for energy and water occur at approximately the same time, the analysis of the factors that influence this relationship should be carried out. It is expected to identify the main differences between rural and urban areas and to provide the necessary data to perform the costs analysis.
In this project it is intended to measure in situ the water and energy consumption related with water supply and end use in rural and urban households in order to validate the data collected by survey.
Finally the ultimate goal of the project is to disseminate the results and create a manual of best practices and policies to enable the reduction of water and energy consumption.